Mahogany furniture is the collective name for rare hardwood high-quality furniture since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The mahogany furniture is beautifully shaped and loved by many people. In recent years, the mahogany furniture market has been continuously developed and entered into more and more people's home life, mahogany furniture has Many different kinds of wood, let us look at the advantages and disadvantages of different woods.
Red sandalwood was first discovered on tropical forests and islands in India. Chinese people love red sandalwood. Since the Shang and Zhou dynasties, it has been a good furniture material for the rut and the court. It is the world's top furniture material. The red sandalwood is aliased "Qinglongmu", which belongs to the butterfly-shaped flower family, subtropical evergreen trees, high five or six feet, the leaves are compound leaf butterfly, the fruit has wings, the wood is very strong, the color is red, and the rosewood is sinking into the water. Red sandalwood is a kind of tree species that is particularly hard and heavy in the leguminous rosewood. It is the most advanced material in redwood. It is a dark wood with dark purple color. Ideal for making furniture and carving art. The utensils made of red sandalwood are waxed and polished without the need for paint oil, and the surface has a satin-like luster.
Rosewood is a tree species of sandalwood rosewood. It is mainly produced in India. It has a very weak aroma. The new face is orange and turns into deep purple or black purple. The raw materials generally enter the Chinese mainland through Myanmar, Nepal, Hong Kong and other places.
The advantages of rosewood furniture : 1, the color is deeper, more reflects the antique style, used for traditional furniture. 2, the wood is heavier, giving people a good quality. 3, the general wood itself has its own fragrance, especially sandalwood. 4, the material is hard, high strength, wear resistance, and good durability.
Disadvantages of rosewood furniture : 1, because of the small amount of production, it is difficult to have high quality tree species, the quality is uneven. 2, the grain and the annual ring are not clear, the visual effect is not fresh enough. 3, the material is heavy, not easy to carry. 4, the material is hard, the processing is difficult, and it is prone to cracking. 5, the material is relatively greasy, easy to return to oil at high temperatures.
A pear "flower palm", whose wood grain has a ghost face, is also a kind of raccoon spot, also known as "flower raccoon." The old man is a tattoo, and the tender one is straight. The wood knot pattern is like a money, the color is bright, the texture is clear and beautiful, and it can be used as furniture and stationery. Rosewood also has old pears and new pears. Old pears, also known as huanghuali, are light yellow to purple, with a clear texture and aroma. The wood color of the new pear is reddish, and the texture color is slightly worse than the old pear.
Huanghua pear is very easy to survive, but it is extremely difficult to become a material. A tree with a thick bowl can only be used for the size of a rolling pin. The real material needs a growth period of hundreds of thousands of years. Its hard wood is the finest material for making classic hardwood furniture.
According to records, as early as the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Hainan huanghuali wood species were on the verge of extinction. In the hundreds of years since then, 70% of China's huanghuali wood furniture has flowed abroad, and the only remaining huanghuali wood in China was used. The construction of the house, the making of the lid, the beading, and even the smashing of the house, scattered to the people, facing damage. The huanghuali varieties commonly found on the market are produced in Vietnam and Myanmar. Its color is more beautiful and the taste is thicker, but the texture and level are chaotic. Compared with Hainan Huanghua Pear, the price is ten times lower.
Advantages of rosewood furniture : rosewood is not easy to dry, sapwood and heartwood have large differences in string shrinkage, corrosion resistance and friction resistance, rosewood has strong nail holding power, good mechanical strength, easy to engrave and process, smooth noodles, glued and finished Good performance.
Disadvantages of rosewood furniture : It is easy to suffer from insect mites. If it is old rosewood furniture, there may be insect eyes in some places.
Third, black rosewood
Black rosewood is the best of the rosewoods. Its color is basically purple red purple brown or purple black, the wood density is relatively large, the wood is relatively hard, the polishing effect is very good, and it is not easy to crack after being finished, so black rosewood is often used to make crafts and furniture. Like rosewood, black rosewood is a precious wood. There are eight species of knife-shaped black rosewood, black rosewood, broadleaf rosewood, Lushi black rosewood, East African black rosewood, Brazilian black rosewood, Amazonian rosewood and Belize Dalbergia.
1. Knife-shaped black rosewood
Origin of Myanmar, India, new cut purple or purple red brown, often with dark brown or chestnut brown deep stripes, the new cut surface has a sour aroma, the trunk is straight, usually 15 to 25cm in diameter, large materials are rare. The tree heart is easy to fester, hollow, and the yield is low. At first glance, it is very similar to Burmese chicken wing wood. The market price is around 20,000 yuan per ton, and the market demand is not large.
2, Lushi black rosewood
Origin of Madagascar, the new cut surface is orange-red, turned into deep purple for a long time, and the acidity is weak. This species was imported into China in the mid-1990s, and it appeared in the market in a relatively short period of time. Before the introduction of the national standard of mahogany, several wood inspection departments of other provinces and cities have identified this tree as 'san sandalwood sandalwood', and a few merchants have made a fortune. The redwood national standard defines this species as the category of black rosewood. The diameter of the raw material is generally 20 to 30 cm, and there is also a very small amount of caliber of about 50 cm. The current market price is around 80,000 to 120,000 per ton. The wood fiber of this material is different from the general mahogany material, and the special wood color of this material is suitable for making clear antique furniture and wood carving works. The market refers to the African big leaf sandalwood generally refers to this tree species.
3. East African black rosewood
Origin of East Africa, dark brown to black purple brown, often with black stripes, no acid aroma or very weak. This tree appeared on the market as ebony three or five years ago and has a certain supply. When the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density should be no less than 1.2g/cm, which is one of the most important mahogany materials on the market. The caliber is generally 20 to 30 cm, and the small amount is 30 to 50 cm. The trunk is generally curved, the center is burst, and the yield is very low. The market price is 5,000 to 7,000 yuan per ton. The industry said that the purple sandalwood refers to this material. Product cost and knife-like black rosewood are close to or low. There are a few merchants in the industry who fool consumers in the name of black rosewood and get huge profits.
Black rosewood furniture advantages : good quality, deep color, hard wood, good polishing effect.
The modern "ebony" is a kind of redwood. The term "ebony" commonly referred to in the timber market refers to black African ebony and black and yellow sandalwood in East Africa. They are a type of tree species and belong to the national redwood standard. Ebony is hard, mostly brownish black, black red, gold, yellowish brown. The cut surface is smooth, the wood grain is fine, and the polished surface can reach the mirror surface brightness, and some ebony essences are similar to the red sandalwood. It never fades, does not decay, does not worm, is the ideal material for making art and antique furniture.
Advantages of ebony furniture : It has natural and wonderful texture, excellent wood structure, high density and high hardness. The ebony furniture seems to contain metal texture. This is mainly because ebony grows in a special environment. Generally, ebony is produced in places with rich mineral resources. Because of the long-term intake of nutrients and water in minerals, it is natural to have a metallic texture, which is one of the reasons why ebony furniture has become a member of the expensive furniture.
Disadvantages of ebony furniture : Can not adapt to the environment that is too cold or too hot, whether it is dry or wet environment, it may cause damage to the material of ebony furniture, so try to avoid the cold or overheated environment when using.
Related reading: The latest mahogany national standard mahogany national standard
Five, red rosewood
The National Redwood Standard is designated as "Red Rosewood", and the red rosewood is the genus Polygonum, which is mainly produced in India and some countries in Southeast Asia. Red rosewood: The new cut has the characteristic aroma of sour wood, so it is called the acid branch. Leguminosae, Dalbergia. It is mainly distributed in the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Central and South America.
The "Redwood" national standard stipulates that the red rosewood has the following four necessary conditions: 1 Dalbergia tree species; 2 the wood structure is fine to very fine, the average tube hole radial diameter is not more than 200 microns; 3 wood When the water content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.85g/cm3; 4 wood heartwood is reddish brown to purple red.
This species has:
Dalbergia bariensis, large tree, distributed in Southeast Asia;
Dalbergia cearensis, large tree, mainly distributed in Brazil;
Dalbergia ochinchinensis, medium arbor, mainly distributed in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia;
Dalbergia frulescensvar, large tree, mainly distributed in Brazil;
Dalbergia granadillo, large arbor, mainly distributed in Central America and Mexico;
Dalbergia oliveri, medium to large arbor, mainly distributed in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Laos;
Dalbergia retusa, medium arbor, mainly distributed in Central America.
Red rosewood furniture advantages: 1, the color is deeper, more reflects the antique style, used for traditional furniture. 2, the wood is heavier, giving people a good quality. 3, the general wood itself has its own fragrance, especially sandalwood. 4, the material is hard, high strength, wear resistance, and good durability.
Red rosewood furniture shortcomings: 1, because of the small amount of production, it is difficult to have quality tree species, the quality is uneven. 2, the grain and the annual ring are not clear, the visual effect is not fresh enough. 3, the material is heavy, not easy to carry. 4, the material is hard, the processing is difficult, and it is prone to cracking. 5, the material is relatively greasy, easy to return to oil at high temperatures.
Six, striped ebony
Diospyros tree species, Sulawesi ebony and Philippine ebony, the air dry density is greater than 0.90g/cm3 when the wood moisture content is 12%. Sulawesi ebony, origin Indonesia, black or chestnut brown with dark stripes, no aroma, this material is regarded as a national treasure in Indonesia, no round wood exports, the market is generally supplied with 5 to 15 plates, the market price is 15,000 to 60000 Yuan/ton, usually based on the quality of the stripes, this grade of general grade A material is used in high-end decoration. Furniture material patterns are usually poor. Market supply and demand are not large. There is a substitute material available on the market, the pattern is thick and unclear, and consumers should be careful and carefully discern.
Essentials of striped ebony in the national standard of "Redwood": Diospyros tree species; wood structure is very fine to fine, the average tube hole chord diameter is not more than 150Î¼m; when the wood moisture content is 12%, the air dry density is greater than 0.90g/cm3 The heartwood of the wood, black or chestnut brown, with light stripes between them.
The advantages of striped ebony : the furniture made is thick and dignified, majestic, rigid and soft, and the collection value is very high.
Seven, chicken wing wood
Distributed in the subtropical region of the world, the main producing areas of Southeast Asia and South America, named after the texture similar to "chicken wings". The â€œBurmese chicken wing woodâ€ on the mahogany furniture market is actually the white flower yam wood produced in Myanmar and Thailand. Heartwood black brown or chestnut brown, often with black stripes; tube holes visible to the naked eye; high density, sinking in water; smooth and delicate material. The heart of the tree has a gravel heart, that is, something like sand and stone, and the radial pattern spreads outward. This sandstone is extremely hard and sometimes it will collapse. The proportion of sandstone in the whole tree varies from 20% to 50-60%. The mature period of Burmese chicken wing wood is about 150-200 years. At this time, most of the diameters can reach 30-40 cm, and the coarse ones can reach 60-70 cm, but it is rare. In order to sell a good price in the market, it is also called "old chicken wing wood."
In the "Redwood National Standards", three tree species are included :
1. Statuya Beanwood, that is, African chicken wing wood, produced in Congo (Brazzaville) and Congo (Gold);
2, white flower cliff bean wood, that is, Burmese chicken wing wood, origin in Myanmar;
3, iron knife wood, origin in South Asia and Southeast Asia, China, Yunnan, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi.
Chicken wing wood furniture advantages : chicken wing wood home has a remarkable unique texture, the quality is very good, and never insects. The furniture made with wenge wood looks very good, very popular with the people of the elegant, and the chicken wing wood furniture is very artistic, and it can definitely show the owner's taste in the furniture.
Disadvantages of chicken wing wood furniture : The new chicken wing wood furniture is rough wood, and the wood thread is sometimes easy to smash. Moreover, chicken wing wood furniture carving has a little difficulty, so there are few sets of chicken wing wood furniture on the market.
Eight, fragrant wood
Xiangzhimu, the scientific name of the fragrant Dalbergia, alias Hainan huanghuali, is a rare tree species unique to Hainan, China, this tree species has basically disappeared. The wood is hard, the color is not static, the visual sense is excellent, the texture is either hidden or vivid. The color of huanghua pear is mainly yellow, and this color is woven with dark wood grain into beautiful natural patterns such as grimace, fox, etc., reflecting the golden light and emitting aroma under bright light. The surface of Huanghua Pear is shiny and has a spicy aroma; the structure is fine and uniform, and the corrosion resistance is high; therefore it is very precious. Strictly speaking, there is only one species of fragrant wood, namely, fragrant Dalbergia. The origin of China's Hainan, Vietnam, Laos and other countries also have a small amount of growth. The material is purple reddish brown or deep reddish brown, often with black stripes, the new cut surface is spicy, the smell is rich, and the smell is slightly fragrant.
Advantages of fragrant wood furniture : The surface of fragrant wood is shiny and has a spicy aroma; the structure is fine and uniform, and the corrosion resistance is high; therefore it is very precious.
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